Title: From the laboratory to the interstellar medium: a strategy to search for exotic molecules in space

Authors: Cristina Puzzarini, Silvia Alessandrini, Luca Bizzocchi, Mattia Melosso, Víctor M. Rivilla

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2023.1211784

Date: 08/17/2023

Working Group: WG5

Grant Period: GP1

Grant Period Goal (number): GAPG 6

Covered deliverables from the MoU (number): 14

Countries involved: Italy – Spain

Number of female/young/ITC coauthors: 2

Abstract: The chemistry of the interstellar medium occurs under extreme conditions and can lead to the formation of exotic molecules. These are species that on Earth are unstable and/or highly reactive. Their discovery in space is usually based on the astronomical observation of their rotational fingerprints, which requires an accurate laboratory investigation. This is based on a strategy that starts from the interplay of experiment and theory. State-of-the-art quantumchemical calculations are used to predict the relevant spectroscopic information required to guide the spectral recording, analysis and assignment. Rotational spectra measurements are then performed in the centimeter-/millimeter-/submillimeter-wave region, thereby exploiting efficient on-the-fly production protocols for exotic molecules. Subsequently, the spectral analysis leads to accurate spectroscopic parameters, which are then used for setting up accurate line catalogs for astronomical searches and detections. This review is based on the strategy developed and the results obtained at the ROT&Comp Lab of the University of Bologna.


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